problem tree and objective tree

Figure 3: Problem analysis linked to situation analysis: Steps involved in using the tool. The problem tree can be converted into an objectives tree by rephrasing each of the problems into positive desirable outcomes – as if the problem had already been treated. Develop a solution tree A solution (also called objectives) tree is developed by reversing the negative statements that form the problem tree into positive ones. As with the problem tree, the objective tree should provide a simplified but robust summary of reality. The ‘objective tree uses exactly the same structure as the problem tree, but with the problem statements (negatives) turned into objective statements (positives)’ (AusAID, 2003). Examples of problem trees. The Objective Analysis Tree basically converts the problematic issues of the Problem Analysis Tree into positive desired results. Figure 1: Problem tree. While the Problem Analysis Tree is used for analyzing the current situation or a present problem, the Objective Analysis Tree is utilized to analyze objectives, future situations and goals. Most simply this is done by reversing the problem factor, so, for example, low intake of iron-rich foods is turned into high-intake. Its main strength is that it keeps the analysis of potential project objectives firmly based on addressing a range of clearly identified priority problems (EC, 2004). The problem tree highlights the relations and hierarchy among all identified problems. Problem Tree Analysis – Procedure and Example . 3.4 Examples of Objective Tree. Learn how to use and design this analysis tool here. In this way, root causes and consequences are turned into root solutions, and key project … Figure 2: Problem hierarchy. Each problem is preceded by the problem(s) which cause(s) it, and followed by the problem it causes itself, see Figure 1 . For example, ‘lack of sufficient water’ becomes ‘improve water supply.’ These objectives than provide a basis for project and program definition. A problem tree analysis is an excellent tool that can be used to identify and link up the causes leading to a problem and the consequences emanating from it. Linking up causes and consequences and getting a Bird’s-eye-view of the situation is one of the best advantage this problem analysis tool has to offer. It is a tool to aid analysis and presentation of ideas/objectives. An example of a completed problem tree 17. The ‘problem tree’ is often followed by an ‘objectives tree.’ The problems are converted through simple rewording into specific objectives, and the chart then shows a ‘means-ends’ relationship. Problem tree analysis helps stakeholders to establish a realistic overview and awareness of the problem by ing the fundamental causes and their most identify important effects.

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